FlexSlider is an awesome, fully responsive jQuery slider toolkit.
slider-x is a jQuery plugin to create a simple and awesome slider and carousel.
startVal is an open source ultimate jQuery slider plugin. It's a lightweight, fast and customizable slider.
Thumbelina is a very lightweight jQuery content slider designed for galleries of thumbnail images. It integrates well with other plugins, and is a perfect solution where too many thumbnails would clutter the page.
Slyder is a responsive slider navigation made with jQuery.
Turntable.js is a responsive jQuery slider that will let you rotate through a list of images as your mouse (or finger) sweeps across a container.
Pointy Slider is a simple, responsive slider, with a sharp design and an interesting motion effect: with each new slide item, a sliding-in block of content covers the old one, and unveils a new image.
Round Slider is a jQuery plugin that allows the user to select a value or range of values. Not only a round slider it supports the quarter, half and pie circle shapes also.
A tutorial about creating simple slider with jQuery and CSS.