FlexSlider is an awesome, fully responsive jQuery slider toolkit.
embla-carousel is a bare bones carousel library with great fluid motion and awesome swipe precision. It's library agnostic, dependency free and 100% open source.
slider-x is a jQuery plugin to create a simple and awesome slider and carousel.
fullscreen-slider is an asset that resizes sections in a page to fullscreen resolution and moves these individually by wheel/touch events.
A tutorial about creating very cool WebGL Distortion Slider using Three.js for the image transitions and some crude HTML + CSS just to mockup the UI around the background.
jQuery Time Slider is a jQuery plugin to create sliders with selection of time and date.
startVal is an open source ultimate jQuery slider plugin. It's a lightweight, fast and customizable slider.
Slice Slider is a little slicey transition slider using a simple add class deal. Supports scrollwheel (scroll jacking), nav buttons and arrow keys.